The 1st SNI Digital™ International Neurosurgery Education Summit was held on June 2021 with attendees from 100 counties. It introduced different formats for teaching and learning. Our SNI readers' survey showed that 'Discussion with Colleagues' was one of the three most important means of communication of scientific information. This meeting included 57 leading neurosurgeons and neuroscientists worldwide involved in 9 different sessions, discussing their approach to clinical challenges. Each session lasts for one hour and covers different topics. Two 1/2 hour lectures on spinal cord repair and restoring memory in the brain with Q&A present future directions of our specialty. 93% of attendees wanted more of these types of meetings.
Additional Programs for students, residents, young and experienced neurosurgeons: Time stamped; quality rated; # attendees. Discussions of common challenges faced by YNSS; Lectures on the "Future of Neurosurgery"; "Lessons I learned in Medicine"; innovative ideas establishing with world class leadership from LMIC for all; highly rated operative videos.
Click on a Session Title; choose Audio, Video with Closed Captions, or translated text chosen from 9 languages listed at top of Session page. Add your comments in the blue insert at the bottom right. Details of SNI Digital™ in Announcements at left. We are open to your suggestions.
Video Number: 101 | 01:22
Past to Future -Surgery Role in Major Depression; Lectures & Discussion; 5/5
Summary: Creativity is forcing Functional Neurosurgery into disruptive technologies such as Neuromodulation with Pacemakers, Radiosurgery, Focused Ultrasound, & Optogenetics. Genetic surgery will be used to change the human genome. DBS for Movement Disorders and, now, cranial nerve stimulation is being tested for treatment of Depression, OCD, & Addictions, in the 21st century. These technologies promise therapies for more CNS untreatable diseases, avoiding conventional surgery complications. Ambulatory procedures and new treatments will decrease costs and improve quality of life by 2100. (2-20 min Lectures; 20 min Discussion; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 102 | 01:20
Case Based Discussions; 5/5
Summary: A multi-disciplinary discussion with world experts in Spine surgery with different approaches to clinical cases with lumbar spondylolisthesis and cervical spinal stenosis. Rx with MIS, Decompression, bony, instrumental and/or disc fusions, anterior and posterior approaches, age, and patient selection are all discussed. What would you do? Audience involvement. (Case Based Discussions; 60 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 103 | 10:10
What should I do? Case based discussions; 5/5
Summary: A case-based global expert discussion of the world wide treatment options for Craniopharyngeoma and Medulloblastoma including new genetic data and pathology, surgical approaches, radiation, recurrence, chemotherapy, endoscopic removal for Cranios, and avoidance of cerebellar mutism. Should you change your approach to these diseases? (2-Case based Discussions; 60 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 104 | 10:10
Software and programming the Brain. Modern concepts of Memory
Summary: The Future-1/2 hr lecture -Software and programming the brain. Presented by Dr. Itzhak Fried. How Memory functions and how it can be preserved and made better with DBS type approaches. For memory disorders and Alzheimer's. Q&A (Lecture: 30 min.; Discussion:15 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 105 | 12:12
Decompression, Fusions, Arthroplasty:
Summary: A case based Discussion without slides among worldwide neurosurgeons and orthopedists on how they manage controversial spine challenges: Different opinions. Types of Decompressions, Fusions, Anterior and Posterior approaches. Laminoplasty. ACDF vs Cervical Athroplasty, Lumbar arthroplasty: Do they work? Long term results, patient selection, recurrence; motion preservation, adjacent segment disease, cost comparisons, complication avoidance in major surgeries; Facet evaluations; Random Controlled Trials? Individualized treatment? Should you do these procedures? What you need to know. (Discussion; 60 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 106 | 10:10
TBI: What do we do? Does it matter? Steroids? Round table Discussion; 5/5
Summary: ICH: Are we operating too late? Should all the clot be removed immediately? New simple approaches from China. Quick evaluation and treatment. Traumatic Brain Injury: What do we do? Does it matter? The outstanding success in Iraq. What can we learn? Case examples, Q&A. (Case based discussions; 60 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 107 | 10:10
World wide opinions; Case based discussions; 5/5
Summary: A Round Table case-based discussion on how neurosurgeons and neuro-oncologists from around the world manage Cerebral gliomas: Controversies; Glioblastomas: extent of resection, brain mapping, awake or asleep surgery, value of fluoresence, neuronavigation, tractography, ultrasound, tumor location, Age vs performance, Genetic analysis; Chemo-radiation value. Oligo II: Surgery? value of Chemo; Repeat biopsy? What is the proof for all these treatments? Does it make a practical difference in survival? What should you do in your location? (Case base discussions; 60 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 108 | 10:10
Cerebral Aneurysms-J. Hernesniemi
Summary: A step by step analysis of Juha Hernesniemi's aneurysm surgeries. His global experience is the largest in the world. Questions from the audience at each step, to learn how he does quick surgeries, and his technique tricks for success. Are skull base approaches necessary? (Case based discussions; 60 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 109 | 10:10
Can I treat it? How? Global opinions; 5/5
Summary: A lecture and case based discussion among world neurosurgeons on what you can do to treat the most common cause of epilepsy, which is under-treated worldwide. Practical answers you can use. (Case based Discussions; 70 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 110 | 1:00
Spinal Cord Injury and Functional Repair-Q&A
Summary: Lecture & Discussion: Acute Spinal Cord transection and repair in animals with rapid functional recovery. How was it done? Why it works? Is this the treatment for Chronic Spinal Cord Injury? Work on applications to humans. Q&A (Lecture-30 min; Discussion-15 min.; 5//5 ranking)
Video Number: 111 | 10:10
What will Medicine be like in 2100? Lecture & Discussion; 5/5
Summary: The lecture on the future of neurosurgery and medicine starts from a study of the vascular cause of lacunar infarctions, the cause of 20% of strokes. it is a disease we cannot diagnose with modern technology or treat now. Dr. Ausman outlines how small vessel diseases can be treated in the future using experience from the inflammatory causes of atherosclerosis and the macrophage inflammatory causes of aneurysm formation. There is a common feature of those diseases which can be treated. It is Chronic Inflammation. Chronic Inflammation is also the cause of Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's and many other diseases in the body. It is the major disease category of the 21st century, and you will treat it, cure it, and increase longevity. Most of the diseases today will be gone by the end of the 21st century. Then you will have Space diseases and Space treatments and interplanetary Medicine and diseases. You will be living on other planets or the moon. You will find other civilizations in the universe. What is going on on earth will all change, and your lives will change . Be prepared. (Lecture-40 minutes; Discussion-15 minutes; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 112 | 10:10
Keys learned to Success in Life; Lecture; comments; 5/5
Summary: A personal view of the important lessons learned in 70 years of experience in Medicine with a view of present events from the physician's viewpoint. Are you prepared for the future? Advice in achieving success and happiness. Principles and Goal setting. (Lecture-50 min; Discussion-10 min.; 5/5 ranking)
Video Number: 113 | 10:10
An Intergenerational Discussion on how to provide the best in healthcare to impoverished areas.
Summary: This is a wide ranging intergenerational discussion of the ethics of new technology and lack of accessibility in impoverished areas among the YNSS and an international group specialists in NeuroMedicine and Neuroscience. Many topics are covered from Evidence Based medicine, access to healthcare; differences between LMIC and HIC in publications, access to technology, personal achievement, differences in healthcare; does technology make a difference?; RCT and Meta trials, What is the Truth and how to find it?, and how to succeed in one's career? and making progress in the world. Discussion 1 hour. 25 attendees, 3 countries, rating 5/5;
Video Number: 115 | 10:10
Moneer Faraj, MD. Head of Neurosurgery; University of Baghdad; Iraq; lecture 29 min; Discussion 7 minutes; > 100 attendees; 18 countries; 5/5 rating.
1/5 LMIC Developing Neurosurgery Series; Innovation in LMIC in developing a first rate, simple, cost effective, neuronavigation system from the web and modern ergonomically designed instruments for neurosurgery and other specialties. Outstanding; Lecture 29 min; 7 minutes discussion; 100 attendees; 18 countries; 5/5 rating.
Video Number: 116 | 10:10
Ausaf Bari; UCLA; Lecture 16 min; Discussion 16 min; 122 attendees from 18 countries; 5/5 rating
Dr. Bari shows how modern neuromodulation techniques can be used on demonstrated neural pathways to alter the perception of and to relieve chronic low back pain in patients who have failed all therapies.
Video Number: 117 | 10:10
Hadi A. Al Khalili-Leader of Modern Neurosurgery in Iraq
Developing Neurosurgery in LMIC 1/5 Series; Dr. Al Kahlili, leader of the development of Modern Neurosurgery in Iraq, describes the history from Victor Horsely of the UK to recent times before the regional wars. He discusses his pioneering work on Spinal Cord injury repair, and multidisciplinary work in orbital lesions. Lecture 15 min; Discussion 22 min; 5/5 rating; 100 attendees; 18 countries; The lecture and discussion are excellent.
Video Number: 118 | 10:10
Hiba Abdulamir; Neurosurgeon; Lecture 23 min; Discussion 7 min; Rating 5/5; 100 attendees; 18 countries
Developing Neurosurgery in LMIC 1/5 series; Dr. Abdulamir from Baghdad, Iraq describes the successful treatment of Movement and Spastic disorders with a Comprehensive Functional program of treatment. Parkinson's, sacral and vagal nerve stimulation; dorsal rhizotomy; pump infusion for pain; tremor, dystonia, Tourette's, chorea; and more. Excellent accomplishments in any country.
Video Number: 119 | 08:45
R. Bosnjak, MD, PhD; Neuroendoscopy; Former Chairman, Neurosurgery; Univ Ljubljana, Slovenia
Summary: Excellent video of Neuroendoscopic approach to the posterior third ventricle using the transchoroidal route. 6 minutes; Subtitles only, no verbal audio.
Video Number: 120 | 23:29
One Person's Journey- with lots of Help; James I. Ausman, MD, PhD
Lecture given for Lifetime Service Award in Neurosurgery; 5th Shaolin Congress; Henan Provincial Hospital, Henan China 6/1/2023; Is there a BBB in Brain Tumors; Is EC-IC Bypass good for Cerebral Ischemia: Fact or Fiction?; Coiling for Aneurysms-The end of surgical. treatment; VBI-An underdiagnosed and treated disease; First interventional Treatment of Basilar thrombosis; 40 yrs ago-Intracranial Vascular grafting; How to solve the Brain Drain: International Fellowship Program; Nurse practitioners; 24-hr visiting hours for patient's family in room or ICU; SNI - Free journal to all; SNI Digital 3D future of communication; Space and universe thoughts. "The Patient Comes First"- nom exception!
Video Number: 121 | 02:22:30
How to develop Modern Neurosurgery in LMIC; First of 5 part series
History of Neurosurgery in Iraq: Simple Inexpensive Neuronavigtion Systems for LMIC; Ergonomic Instruments for Surgery for all; World Class Functional and Stereotactic Neurosurgery in LMIC; Guest Lecture: Functional Neurosurgery for Intractable Low Back Pain; 4 Lectures with Discussion.
Video Number: 122 | 30:50
Status of Neurosurgery in Baghdad: The Gamma Knife Experience
Over 5000 cases; Treatment Indications; Functional indications; Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders; Multi Centers in Iraq ( Basra, Erbil, Baghdad, Al-Taj Center, Saad Al Witry Neuroscience Hospital, Baghdad; Brain Tumors- all types; AVM, Nasopharyngeal CA; Pituitary Tumors; Trigeminal Neuralgia, Mesial Temporal Sclerosis; Cavernous Malformations ; Deep-seated tumors; Residual and Recurrent tumors; Tumor bed; Hypophesectomy for painful metastases; Tremors; Poor Surgical Candidates; Focal Brain Stem Tumors, Other tumors; Corpus Callosectomy; Uveal Disorders and other indications. Large Experience & Results
Video Number: 123 | 37:33
Topics: 1) Anterior Circulation Aneurysms-One Center Experience ; 2-Mentorship experience (2)
YNSS Lectures by Saleh M. Marie on #1) Anterior Circulation Aneurysms-Single Center Experience; #2&3) Aktham O. Al-Khafaji and Haneen A. Salih: Mentorship Experience Comments
Video Number: 124 | 37:31
Neuro-oncology Through Interesting Cases; Craniopharyngeoma Surgery Choices
Dr. Moneer K. Faraj, President of the Iraqi Board of Neurosurgery; Head of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine; Baghdad, Iraq presents a case of craniopharyngeoma and discusses various micro-surgical approaches to this midline lesion showing a video of a transcranial operation and while discussing the good, bad aspects, and complications of each.
Video Number: 125 | 30:37
Neurosurgery in Iraq- The Iraqi Neurosurgical Board
Dr. Al-Salachy, President of the Iraqi Neurosurgical Board talks about the Past, Present and Future of Neurosurgical Board and Neurosurgical Training in Iraq.
Video Number: 126 | 41:14
type description/abstract here.
Video Number: 127 | 19:19
Personal experience-Head of Neurosurgery; Teaching Hospital; 2000 cases a year
Dr. Hafidh, who is the Head of Neurosurgery at the Teaching Hospital in Baghdad, talks about his long personal experience with 2000 cases a year in this general hospital In Baghdad; Lessons from a LMIC post war experience
Video Number: 128 | 19:29
Making learning of CNS Histology easier for medical students
Noor Akar, a medical student describes using graphics to make. her learning of CNS Histology easier for Students and others. Followed by Discussion from participants.
Video Number: 129 | 17:33
A Review and Update on Hoz' Iraqi Neurosurgery Team Dynamics in the education of YNSS
Mustafa Ismaili, who is graduating from Medical school to a Neurosurgery Residency in Baghdad, describes his experience with the Hoz Mentorship program in Baghdad, Iraq. Over 1000 medical school students (YNSS-Young Neurosurgeons and Students ) have attended this program in a 7 year period. The Hoz Mentorship program provides YNSS with an opportunity to obtain a Residency position in various specialties by becoming involved in research, and clinical work with patients. This training, outside the medical school programs, is planned to make them more competitive for the highly desired positions to obtain a residency position. The education program in Iraq is similar to that in most countries in the world, where competition for limited positions in each country is necessary to be able to select those who show their interest and achieve excellence to compete successfully for these available residency positions in different specialties. The Hoz program has been highly successful in providing a mentoring experience for YNSS, and a cooperative team experience in this voluntary educational program. The program stimulates these YNSS to become involved in laboratory experiments, surgical experience, and to research topics of clinical interest, all under Dr. Hoz' supervision. Many publications in journals and book chapters on interesting subjects for all neurosurgeons, come from this work by YNSS under Hoz' supervision in this mentorship program. Mustafa describes the program in detail for the viewer.
These SNI Digital YNSS videos are published for the YNSS and neurosurgeons involved in teaching globally as an example of what can be achieved with YNSS. The youth today worldwide represent the major portion of the population in LMIC and are the future of Medicine and Neurosurgery and other specialties. By reviewing the videos in SNI Digital about the Hoz mentorship program, others can learn from the YNSS directly how this program operates and duplicate it. By combining this program with the SNI Digital Interactive Video learning system, more people worldwide can experience this successful education program, which can benefit YNSS and people in countries everywhere and ultimately benefit the healthcare of millions of people. That is the goal of SNI/SNI Digital , "Helping People Throughout the World".
Video Number: 130 | 16:39
19th Baghdad Meeting YNSS lecture; Training in Iraq and in Azerbaijan; Changing schools during training.
Alkawthar Abdulsada, a YNSS, describes her beginning training in Baghdad Iraq with Dr. Hoz team, and changing later when she moved to Azerbaijan to complete her work. Working in a new country with Covid 19 and how it affected her learning; How she used her time druing school closure.
Video Number: 131 | 23:51
Why it means to the Medical Student being an active part of the neurosurgical team
Fatima Ahmed describes her experience as a student being part of the Hoz neurosurgical mentorship team and its meaning for her with discussion from the attendees.
Video Number: 132 | 32:06
My pathway from Neurosurgery in Iraq
Mustafa Murayati, a YNSS, from Iraq discusses his experience in the Hoz mentorship and how it has affected his future. Learning to do literature research, writing a paper, laboratory animal work; attending Update on World Neuro-oncology Progress outside of Iraq; publishing a paper. All With Discussion from the Audience.
Video Number: 133 | 37:56
A proposed classification system for presigmoid approaches with the possible combinations
Sama Albairmani analyses the various presigmoid approaches to the petrous region. The popular technical corridors to this are are compared graphically so the reader can understand the differences and possible advantages of each. Discussion with the presentation.
Video Number: 134 | 51:37
Progress in Neuro-oncology Worldwide
Dr. Patel is an Associate Professor at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas and presents an overview of the advances in surgical, pharmacological, and other treatments for tumors of the Central Nervous System.
Video Number: 135 | 35:12
Neuro-oncology through Interesting cases
Dr. Matti of the Department of Neurosurgery in the Neuroscience Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, presents a variety of interesting cases from his large referral practice as Part 1 of his series on his surgical treatment of brain tumors; The value in intra-operative ultrasound as an operating aid. Practical decisions for complex cases.
Video Number: 136 | 38:31
Highlights in history of Neuro-Oncology with emphasis on practice and research in Iraq
Dr. Khalili, Former Head of the Department of Neurosurgery, Baghdad University, Baghdad Iraq reviews the history of Medicine in Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek, Moslem/ Arabic, Medieval, Modern times, and Iraqi practice and research in neuro-oncology; He also discusses the Practice of "Informed Consent" in countries abound the world and the differences in the cultural approach to death.
Video Number: 138 | 41:14
Building a Multi disciplinary Orbital Surgery Center in Medical City- Baghdad
Dr. Al-Hemiary of the Department of Neurosurgery at the Ghazi Hariri Hospital in Baghdad describes the establishment of the unique Orbital Surgery Center by Dr. A. Hadi Khalili. This basic and clinical science multidisciplinary center is unique in the world. He describes the how this center functions as a major referral center for orbital diseases and some of the cases and research being done there.
Video Number: 140 | 25:51
Status of neurosurgery in Kurdestan-Erbil, Iraq; Building a Modern Center
Dr. Rawandozy, Head of Neurosurgery at the Hawler Medical University in Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq explains how the neurosurgery department was built over 20 years to become a modern Neurosurgery Center at a World Class level starting from no department. His success is attributed to the strong local support of the community and many others making this successful. He explains how it was done while having positions in the university and conducting a private practice.
Video Number: 141 | 37:08
Posterior Interhemispheric Approach for Pulvinar and Posterior Thalamic Lesions
Dr. Al-Juboori presents his microneurosurgical approach to posterior Pulvinar and Thalamic regions based on physiologic knowledge of the pulvinar neuronal pathways to achieve resection of posterior thalamic lesions in this region with excellent results.